As part of Pennsylvania’s widespread gambling expansion, the Keystone State is adding five new Category 4 land-based casinos known as “satellite casinos.” These smaller casinos, also called mini-casinos, can feature 300 to 750 slot machines plus up to 40table games.
Four of five of those mini-casinos are already open, further expanding the land-based PA gambling options in the state.
Three mini-casinos open in Pennsylvania and two more on the way
Here is a look at the announced satellite casino projects in Pennsylvania, including the latest developments and potential launch dates:
Live! Pittsburgh, Stadium mini-casino project
Stadium Casino opened a mini-casino site in a vacant space at Westmoreland Mall in western PA in mid-Nov. 2020.
Stadium’s parent company, Cordish Companies, redeveloped the site in Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County. Plans call for a 100,000 square foot mini-casino.
The location is about 50 minutes east of Pittsburgh. The PGCB approved the license.
After a shutdown due to the virus, work resumed after virus shutdowns and the formal opening is Nov. 24, 2020.
Penn’s second mini-casino location is generally referred to as Hollywood Morgantown. The Morgantown designation refers to a zip code that sprawls across three counties, was approved by the gaming board.
The actual location is near a PA Turnpike exit and I-76 in Caernarvon Township, Berks County.
What made the location controversial is that the Morgantown area includes Lancaster County. All of the towns in Lancaster had opted out of hosting a mini-casino after PA’s 2017 gaming expansion law which led to the Class 4 or mini-casino category.
The PGCB approved the project in June despite objections from residents outside Caernarvon.
The proposed project will encompass more than 81,000 square feet.
Work was ongoing until the virus forced a shutdown. But now work is proceeding and an opening in November, 2021 is expected.
Parx location in Shippensburg on hold
Greenwood Gaming and Entertainment Inc., which operates Parx Casino in suburban Philadelphia, has encountered an issue with its proposed mini-casino site in Shippensburg Township, Cumberland County.
The company is now planning a location in a vacant Lowe’s.
Mount Airy Pittsburgh, but now a different owner and plans for State College
Mount Airy’s mini-casino project, Mount Airy Pittsburgh, is dead. Forever.
Unable to raise the necessary funding, the PGCB nixed the proposed project for Big Beaver Township in November. A hyperlocal news site reported that an ongoing investigative review regarding Mount Airy’s former owner and his involvement in the satellite location was also in play.
Mount Airy’s plan had been for a mini-casino at the juncture of I-376 and PA Turnpike, about an hour northwest of Pittsburgh.
Casino officials had once spoken of possibly opening by the end of 2019. But then the project stalled, sputtered, and died.
They are out 25% of the more than $21.8 million spent to buy the license.
State College area now a new proposed location
Which brings us to the final license, a license proposed for near Penn State University. Lubert, the winner of the license auction, graduated from PSU. The Philly investor is on the university’s board of trustees.
The Philly-based investor was part of the opening of Valley Forge Casino in 2012.
Lubert beat out a second bid, presumably from the Cordish Companies, which had previously said it intended to bid. He bid $10,000,101.
The struggling Nittany Mall, in College Township, is the location. Just this year seven businesses in the mall closed, while others relocated.
While PA gambling expansion legislation originally planned for up to 10 mini-casino licenses, only five potential sites were auctioned before the market turned cold and license auctions stopped. That was supposed to mean an end to auctions forever. But the PA legislator, facing pandemic-induced budget shortfalls, planned yet another auction on Sept. 2, 2020.
The new bidding – Round Three – was for a license denied for a lack of financing – and possibly the questionable association of a former owner barred from the gambling business in PA.
Mt. Airy Casino had sought a satellite location in Beaver County, north of Pittsburgh, but was then denied.
That unused license was instead reauctioned in September and bought for just more than $10 million by Philadelphia investor Ira Lubert, a minority owner of Rivers Pittsburgh. Lubert has partnered with Bally’s Corporation to develop a site near State College.
And another site proposed by Parx had remained in limbo due to unresolved geology issues at their Shippensburg location. But now they are moving ahead with the repurposing of a vacant Lowe’s.
That leaves just three projects in the works for now.
Live! Pittsburgh Casino formally opened in November, 2021 in a re-imagined mall space 30 miles from Pittsburgh.
Penn National has resumed work on another mall rehab near York following a long shutdown. The goal is to open in August.
Penn has another location that remained idle in Morgantown but now looks as if it could open in November.
The mini-casino law passed in October of 2017. However, the satellite casino bidding process did not begin until January 2018. That entailed a series of live auctions, which awarded five licenses. Those auctions had run out of bidders in April 2019.
The PGCB) ran a second round of auctions on Sept. 3 2019 at the direction of the Legislature in hopes of kickstarting renewed interest. But there were no bidders.
That means the five remaining licenses will forever remain unclaimed.
In all, $114 million in license fees were raised.
Take a look at where the venues were proposed. The timelines currently plan most launches for 2021, with Live! Pittsburgh having gone first in late November 2020.
PA mini-casino license fees
The Commonwealth collected more than $121 million just in upfront licensing fees from PA mini-casino auctions. Here’s a look at the winning bidders and the varying amounts paid.
Sept. 2, 2020 auction draws two bidders; Ira Lubert wins
Auction winner: Lubert
Winning bid: $10,000,101
Total bidders: 2
Satellite location: State College area
Cordish, the owner of the Live! Casino brand, told PlayPennsylvania exclusively they intended to bid on the last available license after a license was denied to Mount Airy. Cordish declined comment.
The winner was instead Lubert, who is seeking license approval to build in Centre County.
April 4, 2019 auction: After two-month hiatus, auctions return
Auction winner: Hollywood Casino at Penn National
Winning bid: $7,500,003
Total bidders: 1
Satellite location: Morgantown, PA in Lancaster County
Penn National secured a second satellite property in West Cocalico Township, PA. The location is between Philadelphia and Harrisburg. It strengthens the boundary around Hollywood Casino, which claimed it was receiving unfair treatment as a result of the mini-casino process.
Feb. 22 2019 auction: Sands slip-up gives Parx the property
Auction winner: Parx Casino
Winning bid: $8,111,000
Total bidders: N/A
Satellite location: Shippensburg, PA in Cumberland County
There was some drama around the fourth license, as Sands initially put in a winning bid of $9,885,000. However, because Sands selected a location whose radius where the company could build overlapped with Mount Airy’s site, PGCB voided the bid. As the only other bidder, Parx Casino essentially won by default.
Parx selected a location west of the first satellite property in Yoe, PA. The South Newton location is also close to Harrisburg and the Maryland state line.
Auction winner: Mount Airy Casino
Winning bid: $21,888,888.88
Total bidders: 3
Satellite location: Big Beaver, PA in Lawrence County
Mount Airy may be one of the smaller casinos in Pennsylvania, but it brought big bucks to the auction, bidding $21.89 million. It’s New Castle, PA location was just a few miles from the Ohio state line. With Youngstown, OH just 30 minutes away, the mini casino was meant to draw traffic from the Buckeye State.
Jan. 21 2019 auction: Stadium Casino sets sights on Pittsburgh
Auction winner: Stadium Casinos LLC (Philly Live! Casino)
Winning bid: $40,100,005
Total bidders: 4
Satellite location: Greensburg, PA in Westmoreland County
Even though Stadium Casinos LLC had not broken ground on its Philadelphia property yet, it wasted no time getting into the satellite casino game too. With a relatively large bid, the group secured the Derry location, which is just east of metropolitan Pittsburgh. With a property just 43 miles from Rivers Casino in the heart of the city, the Stadium group seems intent on having a presence in both of Pennsylvania’s major cities.
Jan. 10 2019 auction: Penn National bids big for Yoe, PA-area satellite property
Auction winner: Mountainview Thoroughbred Racing Association, LLC (aka Hollywood Casino)
Winning bid: $50,100,000
Total bidders: 4
Satellite location: York, PA in York County
Hollywood Casino’s owners made jaws drop with a hefty bid of $50 million, which was well above industry projections. Most were expecting the initial bid to be between $30 – $40 million, but Penn National went big to secure the Yoe location.
The selected site is roughly 50 miles south of Hollywood Casino and 20 miles north of the Maryland state line. It appears Penn tactically selected a location that would best help protect the centrally located Hollywood from competition.
Here is more about how the process works, including:
Provisions of the satellite casino licenses
Calendar of dates
Map of opted-out municipalities
The law allowed for ten new casinos that fall into a new category of gambling establishment, Category 4. Should the license holder want to offer up to 30 table games, it would need to pay for an additional $2.5 million license.
These satellite properties originally could not be within 25 miles of an existing Category 1, 2, or 3 property. When the second round of auctions resumed, that distance requirement was a little tougher. New satellite properties could not be within 40 miles of any Category 1-3 property as well as any of the five Category 4 properties currently in development.
There was also a stipulation in the law affecting Mount Airy Casino, which effectively creates a bigger buffer zone for the relatively small and isolated casino. Penn National, which owns Hollywood Casino and The Meadows‘ parent company Pinnacle, started suing the state over the unfair treatment, but eventually dropped the legal action.
Here is a breakdown of the existing casino properties by category:
Most of these properties are also the people who got first crack at satellite properties. The initial auctions were only open to Category 1 and 2 properties.
There was one additional group included in the auctions though. That is Stadium Casino LLC’sPhilly Live! casino project at Stadium Park in Philadelphia. The property is still under construction, but once it is complete, it will be the state’s fifth standalone Category 2 casino.
When it comes to where to put these satellite casinos, groups are limited by more than just a buffer zone around existing casinos. From the time Gov. Tom Wolf signed the bill into law in early November until the end of 2017, municipalities across the state had the option to opt out of hosting a property.
In order to opt out, municipalities had to hold a public meeting, take a vote, and send written documentation of that vote to the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board (PGCB). Over 1,000 municipalities in Pennsylvania opted out, while only a handful publicly lobbied to get a new casino.
PGCB released a map of the buffer zones and opted-out cities once the process was over. Yellow circles reflect the buffer zones. Blue indicates a municipality which opted out: