The dates are finally taking shape when it comes to launching online casinos, online poker sites, and online sportsbooks in Pennsylvania.

Sure, some forms of expansion are already underway as well. The online lottery, Keno, and daily fantasy sports are all regulated as well as up and running. But the big-ticket items in the gambling expansion bill will start rolling out this spring and into the summer.

PA online casinos launching July 15

Per the PA Gaming Control Board (PGCB), Pennsylvania online casinos will all roll out on July 15. While casinos are welcome to launch after that date, expect all but a couple to ready to roll come summertime.

Two exceptions will likely be Sands Bethlehem and the still-under-construction Stadium Casino project. One will not have the license transferred in time. The other is busy trying to build both a casino and a mini-casino. As such, expect online gambling from these properties later on down the line.

While you can expect online casinos in a massive rollout, you might not get too excited about online poker sites. Surely some, the big names like WSOP.com and PokerStars will be up and running around launch, others will probably take their time with the more low-margin product.

First PA online sportsbook should launch by May

While the online casinos will all launch on the same day, Pennsylvania sports betting apps will launch on a rolling basis. The PGCB told Legal Sports Report to expect the first one to begin testing in two to three weeks on April 17.

After that, there will ideally be a steady stream of launches throughout the summer. With the slow sports season, it is tough to tell how quickly sportsbooks will move to go mobile. Given how profitable New Jersey online sports betting is, the lack of football probably isn’t slowing many casinos down.

Check out our timelines for online casinos, online poker, and sports betting launches:
Last updated: April 17

Projected launch dates for PA online casinos

CasinoExisting online partnersInteractive application statusProjected launch
Harrah's888Conditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
Hollywood (Penn National)IGTConditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
Mount Airy888 / PokerStarsConditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
ParxGANConditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
SugarHouseRush Street Interactive / KambiConditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
Valley ForgeIGT / GANConditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
Presque Isle DownsGolden NuggetConditionally approvedJuly 15, 2019
Sands BethlehemN/AConditionally approvedN/A
Stadium Park Philly Live! CasinoGANConditionally approvedN/A
Mohegan Sun PoconoKindredConditionally approvedN/A
MGM Resortsbwin.partyApplication pendingN/A
Golden Nugget NJNYXApplication pendingN/A

Read more on PA online casinos

Projected launch dates for retail and online sportsbooks

CasinoPGCB Approval DateRetail SportsbookProjected Online Sportsbook
Parx Casino SportsbookOct. 3Jan. 10May 2019
SugarHouse CasinoOct. 31Dec. 15May 2019
Rivers CasinoOct. 31Dec. 15May-June 2019
Valley Forge CasinoDec. 19March 13May-June 2019
Hollywood Casino at Penn NationalOct. 3Nov. 17May-June 2019
Harrah's PhiladelphiaOct. 31Jan. 24May-June 2019
Presque Isle DownsFeb. 6June 1May-June 2019
South Philadelphia Turf ClubOct. 3Jan. 17N/A
Valley Forge Turf ClubMarch 6March 12N/A
Mount Airy CasinoPending approvalN/AN/A
Mohegan Sun PoconoPending approvalN/AN/A

Read more on PA online sports betting

What did the PA gambling expansion bill legalize?

The PA Senate passed a bill to legalize online poker, online casino games, daily fantasy sports, and sports betting on Oct. 26, 2017. Gov. Tom Wolf signed it into law just three days later. The bill, H 271, enacts widespread gambling expansion that extends beyond just PA online casinos.

Here is a look at exactly what the bill authorizes and why changes may be on the horizon if the tax rates on some gambling expansion is not adjusted.

After months of back and forth on tax rates, license fees, VGTs, mini-casinos, and other details, the bill the Senate passed permits:

Additionally, the changes in the laws resulted in SugarHouse Casino dropping its lawsuit blocking the Stadium Casinos LLC group from building its planned casino in Philadelphia’s Stadium Park. With legal issues gone, the group quickly ponied up the money for a Category 2 license and are moving forward with construction.

Tax rates and licensing fees

Tax rates and license fees for online gambling have been major bones of contention for months.

After a 54 percent tax rate on slots was floated earlier this year, more recently the figure settled into a more-reasonable mid-twenties range. By comparison, the effective tax rate in New Jersey on online slots is 17.5 percent.

The amended version of H 271 returns to that steep 54 percent number. PA would tax the products as follows:

  • Online table games and poker: 14% + 2% local share = 16%
  • Online slots: 52% + 2% local share = 54%
  • Sports betting: 34% + 2% local share = 36%
  • Daily fantasy sports: 15%

Distinct licenses for each product

H 271 establishes three separate licenses:

  • Online slots
  • House-banked games
  • Online poker and other peer-to-peer online games

Operators were required to purchase a license for each vertical they intended to offer. For $10 million, PA casino operators could purchase all three in a bundle. Eight of the 13 eligible casinos chose to do that:

Casinos could also buy a la carte licenses for each vertical. Each license carries a $4 million price tag. So far, two casinos opted to do that. Presque Isle applied for table games and slot licenses, as did Mohegan Sun Pocono. Stadium Casino project ended up with a similar result, initially applying for all three licenses in a bundle only to rescind its poker application after the fact.

The remaining 12 interactive licenses became available to interested qualified gaming entities (QGEs) outside of Pennsylvania. MGM Resorts and Golden Nugget submitted applications, which are pending PGCB approval.

Mini-casino licensing

Meanwhile, there are licenses and fee structures for the other gambling expansion elements as well. For example, the 10 mini casinos each carried a $7.5 million fee to offer 350-700 slots. Properties could pay an additional $2.5 million for a right to offer up to 30 table games.

However, that number only covers the license. The mini casinos also featured an auction process. The highest bidders among existing Category 1 & 2 casino license holders in the initial auction obtained a license to pick a qualified location for the property.

After four licenses, the bids dried up, so the process opened up to Category 3 properties. At that point, Category 1 and 2 casinos could bid on a second property. That is what Hollywood Casino did, bidding on a second property.

With five licenses remaining from the 10, outside entities can apply to bid, however, the PGCB has not discussed that possibility. It is safe to assume the mini-casino issue is put to bed for now.

VGT licenses and fees

The contested video gambling terminal (VGT) legislation made it into the final bill. These machines are only allowed at truck stops that meet a range of requirements. Each truck stop can only have up to five machines. These are the licensing costs and feeds:

  • Manufacturer/Supplier: $10,000
  • Terminal Operator: $5,000
  • Establishment: $250 per VGT
  • Key Employee/Procurement Agent/Principal: $500
  • Any other permit: Up to $100

The pitfalls of high taxation

Industry experts, including Moody’s, have decried the lofty 54-percent tax rate on slots, and for good reason. At that rate, operators will have little left over for marketing, customer acquisition, promotions, and other business-building tools. This could hamper the growth of the industry and thus depress the amount of tax revenue the state is able to generate.

PA already taxes its land-based slots more heavily than any other state in the nation, and only recently have PA casinos managed to break a lengthy slide in slots revenue.